TSG ResearchLab



Altmann, S.; Forcher, L.; Woll, A.; Härtel, S. (2023). Effective playing time affects physical match performance in soccer: An analysis according to playing position. Biology of Sport. 40(4), 967–973. https://doi.org/10.5114/biolsport.2023.123320

Altmann, S.; Ruf, L.; Härtel, S.; Wochner, F.; Woll, A. (2023). Effects of linear- and curved-sprint training interventions in soccer – lessons learned from a pilot study. Sport Performance & Science Reports (post peer-review). 199, 1–7.  

Altmann, S.; Ruf, L.; Härtel, S.; Woll, A. (2023). Agility im Mannschaftssport – Bedeutung, Erfassung, Training. Leistungssport. 59(1), 23–28. 

Ammann, L.; & Altmann, S. (2023). Training and match load ratios in professional soccer-should we use player-or position-specific match reference values?.Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 5, 123. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2023.1151828 

Ammann, L.; Ruf, L.; Beavan, A.; Chmura, P.; Altmann, S. (2023). Advancing and critical appraisal of an integrative load monitoring approach in microcycles in soccer. PLoS One. 18(9): e0286372. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0286372 

Beavan, A., Härtel, S., Spielmann, J., & Koehle, M. (2023). Air pollution and elite adolescentsoccer players’ performance and well-being; an observational study. Environment International, 175, 107943. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2023.107943 

Kistner, S.; Mack, C.; Rist, M.; Krüger, R.; Egert, B.; Biniaminov, N.; Engelbert, A.; Seifert, S.; Dörr, C.; Ferrario, P.; Neumann, R.; Altmann; S., Bub, A. (2023). Acute effects of moderate vs. vigorous endurance exercise on urinary metabolites in healthy, young men – A multi-platform metabolomics approach. Frontiers in Physiology. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2023.1028643 

Klaus-Karwisch, S.; Merkle, A.; Werner; S., Ruf, L.; Woll, A.; Härtel, S.; Altmann, S. (2023). Sprint and jump performance of female athletes are enhanced in the evening but not associated with individual chronotype. Chronobiology International. https://doi.org/10.1080/07420528.2023.2267659 

Forcher, L.; Beckmann, T.; Wohak, O.; Romeike, C.; Graf, F.; Altmann, S. (2023). Prediction of defensive success in elite soccer using machine learning - Tactical analysis of defensive play using tracking data and explainable AI. Science and Medicine in Football.https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2023.2239766 

Forcher, L.; Forcher, L.; Altmann, S.; Jekauc, D.; Kempe, M. (2023). Is a compact organization important for defensive success in elite soccer? - Analysis based on player tracking data. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. https://doi.org/10.1177/17479541231172695  

Forcher, L.; Forcher, L.; Altmann, S.; Jekauc, D.; Kempe, M. (2023). The success factors of rest defense and defensive transition – A mixed method approach of expert interviews, tracking data, and machine learning. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 22, 707-725. https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2023.707 

 Forcher, L.; Forcher, L.; Wäsche, H.; Jekauc, D.; Gross, T.; Woll, A.; Altmann, S. (2023). Ball possession style is more physically demanding than counter-attacking – The influence of offensive playing style on success, physical and technical match performance in professional soccer. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.11970 

Mayer, J., Hermann, H.-D., & Beavan, A. (2023). Cognitive Training in Sports. In J. Schüler, M. Wegner, H. Plessner, & R. C. Eklund (Eds.), Sport and Exercise Psychology (pp. 513–530). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-03921-8_21

Spielmann, J., Beavan, A., & Mayer, J. (2023). The relationship of personality and executive functionsin high-level soccer athletes: Expertise-and gender-specific differences. Frontiersin Sports and Active Living, 5, 1130759. https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2023.1130759 

Werner, C., Hezel, N., Dongus, F., Spielmann, J., Mayer, J., Becker, C., & Bauer, J. M. (2023). Validityand reliability of the Apple Health app on iPhone for measuring gait parameters in children, adults, and seniors. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 5350. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-32550-3 

Ruf, L.; Altmann, S.; Härtel, S. De-training effects of physical performance characteristics over a 4-week winter off-season period in highly trained youth soccer players - no need to consider biological maturity. The Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 


Altmann, S., Ruf, L., Neumann, R., Härtel, S., Woll, A., Buchheit, M. (2022). Assessing the usefulness of submaximal exercise heart rates for monitoring cardiorespiratory fitness changes in elite youth soccer players.Science and Medicine in Football.https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2022.2060520  

Ammann, L.; Altmann, S., Ruf, L.; Sperlich, B. (2022). Seasonal analysis of match load in professional soccer players: an observational cohort study of a Swiss U18, U21 and first team. Frontiers in Physiology.doi: 10.3389/fphys.2022.1023378 

Dupré T, Potthast W. (2022). Are sprint accelerations related to groin injuries? A biomechanical analysis of adolescent soccer players.Sports Biomechanics, DOI:10.1080/14763141.2022.2133740 

Beavan, A., Spielmann, S., Johns, P., Doty, J., & MayerJ (2022): Compassion and self-compassion motivation and action levels in a high-performancesoccer youth academy, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology,DOI:10.1080/1612197X.2022.2058585

Beavan, A., Spielmann, J., Ehmann, P., & Mayer, J. (2022). The Development of Executive Functions in High-Level Female Soccer Players. Perceptual and Motor Skills, DOI:00315125221096989. 

Ehmann, P., Spielmann, J., Mayer, J., Altmann, S., Ruf, L., Rohrmann, S., Patrick Irmer, J., & Englert, C. (2022). Perceptual-cognitive performance of youth soccer players in a 360°-environment – Differences between age groups and performance levels. Psychologyof Sport and Exercise.59, 102120

Ehmann, P., Beavan, A., Spielmann, J., Mayer, J., Ruf, L., Altmann, S., Forcher, L., Klever, N., Rohrmann, S., Nuß, C. & Englert, C. (2022). Perceptual-cognitive performance of youth soccer players in a 360°-environment–An investigation of the relationship with soccer-specific performance and the effects of systematic training. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2022.102220  

Engel, F., Altmann, S., Chtourou, H., Woll, A., Neumann, R., Yona, T., Sperlich, B. (2022).Repeated Sprint Protocols With Standardized Versus Self-SelectedRecovery Periods in Elite Youth Soccer Players: Can They PaceThemselves? A Replication Study. Pediatric Exercise Science.https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2021-0082  

Fiedler, J.; Altmann, S.; Chtourou, H.; Engel, F.; Neumann, R.; Woll, A. (2022). Daytime fluctuations of endurance performance in young soccer players: A randomized cross-over trial. BMC Research Notes.https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-022-06247-1

Forcher, L., Altmann, S., Forcher, L., Jekauc, D., Kempe, M. (2022). The use of player tracking data to analyze defensive play in professional soccer - A scoping review. International journal of sports science & coaching. doi:10.1177/17479541221075734 

Forcher, L.; Forcher, L.; Altmann, S.; Jekauc, D.; Kempe, M. (2022). The keys of pressing to gain the ball - Characteristics of defensive pressure in elite soccer using tracking data. Science and Medicine in Football. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2022.2158213 

Forcher, L., Forcher, L., Härtel, S., Jekauc, D., Wäsche, H., Woll, A., Groß, T., Altmann, S. (2022). Does Technical Match Performance in Professional Soccer Depend on the Positional Role or the Individuality of the Player?Frontiers in Psychology.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.813206

Forcher, L.,Forcher, L., Jekauc, D., Wäsche, H.,Woll, A.,Gross, T., Altmann, S. (2022). How Coaches Can Improve Their Teams’ Match Performance—The Influence of In-Game Changes of Tactical Formation in Professional Soccer. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.914915  

Forcher, L., Forcher, L., Jekauc, D., Woll, A., Groß, T., Altmann, S. (2022). Center Backs Work Hardest When Playing in a Back Three: The Influence of Tactical Formation on Physical and Technical Match Performance in Professional Soccer.Plos one.https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0265501 

Forcher, L.,Forcher, L.,Wäsche, H.,Jekauc, D., Woll, A., Altmann, S. (2022). The Influence of Tactical Formation on Physical and Technical Match Performance in Soccer: A Systematic Review.International journal of sports science & coaching.https://doi.org/10.1177/17479541221101363 

Forcher, L.,Preine, L.,Forcher, L.,Wäsche, H.,Jekauc, D., Woll, A., Gross, T., Altmann, S. (2022). Shedding some light on in-game formation changes in the German Bundesliga – Frequency, contextual factors, and differences between offensive and defensive formations. International journal of sports science & coaching.

Ruf, L., Altmann, S., Graf, F., Romeike, C., Wirths, C.,Wohak, O., Härtel, S. (2022). Injury incidence, severity, and burden in elite youth soccer players – a 3-year prospective study.Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25(9), 737-742, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2022.06.003  

Ruf, L., Altmann, S., Härtel, S. (2022). Methoden zur Bestimmung des Wachstums und der biologischen Reifung im Nachwuchssport. Leistungssport (3) 13-19.

Ruf, L., Altmann, S., Härtel., Skorski, S., Drust, B., Meyer, T. (2022). Psycho-physiological responses to a pre-season training camp in high-level youth soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance.https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2022-0179 

Ruf, L., Altmann, S., Kloss, C., Härtel, S. (2022). Soccer coaches vs. sport science and medicine staff: who can more accurately predict the skeletal age of high-level youth soccer players? Science and Medicine in Football.https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2022.2100461  

Ruf, L., Drust, B., Ehmann, P., Forster, S., Hecksteden, A., Meyer, T. (2022). Poor reliability of measurement instruments to assess acute responses to load in soccer players irrespective of biological maturity status. Pediatric Exercise Science.doi: 10.1123/pes.2021-0070 

Ruf, L., Drust, B., Ehmann, P., Skorski, S., & Meyer, T. (2022). Are Measurement Instruments Responsive to Assess Acute Responses to Load in High-Level Youth Soccer Players? Front. Sports Act. Living. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2022-0179

Spielmann, J., Beavan, A., & Mayer, J. (2022). Personality in soccer: investigation of the five-factor model of personality in high-level athletes. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living.https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2022.896934

Thron, M., Düking, P., Härtel, S., Altmann, S. (2022). Differences in physical match performance and injury occurrence before and after the COVID-19break in professional European soccer leagues: a systematic review.Sports Medicine Open, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-022-00505-z  

Thron, M., Woll, A., Klos, L., Härtel, S., Ruf, L., Kloss, C., Altmann, S. (2022). Overestimation of Maximal Aerobic Speed by the Université de Montréal Track Test and a 1500-m-Time Trial in Soccer. Frontiers in Physiology.https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2022.1023257 


Altmann, S., Forcher, L., Ruf, L., Beavan, A., Groß, T., Lussi, P., Woll, A., & Härtel, S. (2021). Match-related physical performance in professional soccer: Position or player specific? Plosone. 

Altmann, S., Neumann, R., Härtel, S., Kurz, G., Stein, T., & Woll, A. (2021). Agility testing in amateur soccer: A pilot study of selected physical and perceptual-cognitive contributions. Plosone, 16(6), e0253819.  

Altmann, S., Neumann, R., Härtel, S., Woll, A., & Buchheit, M. (2021). Using submaximal exercise heart rate for monitoring cardiorespiratory fitness changes in professional soccer players: A replication study. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 

Beavan, A., & Fransen, J. (2021). The influence of coaching instructions on decision-making in soccer. The Journal of Sport and Exercise Science, 5(1), 3-12. 

Beavan, A., Hanke, L., Spielmann, J., Skorski, S., Mayer, J., Meyer, T., & Fransen, J. (2021). The effect of stroboscopic vision on performance in a football specific assessment. Science and Medicine in Football, 1-6. 

Boukhris, O., Trabelsi, K., Ammar, A., Hsouna, H., Abdessalem, R., Altmann S., Clark, CCT., Turki, M., Ayadi, F., Engel, F., Chtourou, H. (2021). Performance, muscle damage, and inflammatory responses to repeated high-intensity exercise following a 40-min nap. Research in Sports Medicine.doi: 10.1080/15438627.2021.1988951 

Chin, V., Beavan, A., Fransen, J., Mayer, J., Kohn, R., Ryan, L. M., & Sisson, S. A. (2021). Modelling age-related changes in executive functions of soccer players. arXiv preprint arXiv:2105.01226. 

Ehmann, P., Beavan, A., Spielmann, J., Ruf, L., Mayer, J., Rohrmann, S., ... & Englert, C. (2021). 360°-multiple object tracking in team sport athletes: Reliability and relationship to visuospatial cognitive functions. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 55, 101952. 

Ruf, L., Cumming, S., Härtel, Hecksteden, A., Drust, B., & Meyer, T. (2021). Construct Validity of Indicators to Assess Biological Maturity in Academy Soccer. Annals of Human Biology. 

Thron, M., Härtel, S., Woll, A., Ruf, L., Gross, T., & Altmann, S. (2021). Physical Match Performance and Injuries in Professional Soccer Before and After the COVID-19 Break. Science and Medicine in Football.  


Altmann, S., Neumann, R., Ringhof, S., Rumpf, M. C., & Woll, A. (2020). Soccer-Specific Agility: Reliability of a Newly Developed Test and Correlates of Performance. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 

Altmann, S., Neumann, R., Woll, A., & Härtel, S. (2020). Endurance Capacities in Professional Soccer Players: Are Performance Profiles Position Specific? Front Sports Act Living 

Beavan, A., Chin, V., Ryan, L. M., Spielmann, J., Mayer, J., Skorski, S., ... & Fransen, J. (2020). A Longitudinal Analysis of the Executive Functions in High-Level Soccer Players. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1, 1-9. 

Dupré, T., Lysdal, F. G., Funken, J., Mortensen, K. R., Müller, R., Mayer, J., ... & Potthast, W. (2020). Groin injuries in soccer: investigating the effect of age on adductor muscle forces. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 52(6), 1330-1337. 

Jokiel, L., Johns, P., Spielmann, J. & Mayer, J. (2020). Verletzungsprävention im Rugby durch den Einsatz von Virtual Reality. Leistungssport 50 (5), S. 17-20. 

Mayer, J. & Hermann, H.-D. (2020). Kognitives Training im Sport. In J. Schüler, M. Wegner & H. Plessner (Hrsg.) Sportpsychologie. Anwendung und Grundlagen. S. 463-478. Heidelberg u.a.: Springer. 

Spielmann, J. & Mayer, J. (2020). Psychologische Strategien bei Wiederverletzungsängsten: Coping-Strategien im Leistungssport. Medical fitness and healthcare (2), S. 50-51. 


Beavan, A., Spielmann, J., & Mayer, J. (2019). Taking the First Steps Towards Integrating Testing and Training Cognitive Abilities Within High-Performance Athletes; Insights from a Professional German Football Club. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2773. 

Spielmann, J., Hermann, H.-D., Mayer J. (2019). Sportpsychologische Beratung und Diagnostik zur Prävention und Rehabilitation von Sportverletzungen. Sportphysio 7, S. 216-225. 

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